By Aaron D. Rubin
With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many global s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members comprise Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity presents an outline of this crucial language relations, together with either historical and sleek languages. After a quick creation to the background of the relations and its inner type, next chapters conceal themes in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes good points which are attribute of the Semitic language relatives as a complete, in addition to a number of the extra amazing advancements that happen within the person languages. this gives either a typological assessment and an outline of extra special good points. The chapters comprise plentiful examples from a variety of languages. all of the examples comprise morpheme via morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which help in making those examples transparent and available even to these now not conversant in a given language. Concluding the e-book is a close advisor to extra interpreting, which directs the reader to crucial reference instruments and secondary literature, and an updated bibliography.This short creation encompasses a wealthy number of information, and covers issues no longer typically present in brief sketches corresponding to this. The readability of presentation makes it important not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to profit whatever approximately this crucial language kinfolk.
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Extra resources for A brief introduction to the Semitic languages
This stem is an internal development within the Ethio· pian sub-family. Examples are Amharic giiniit'at't'iilii 'tear into pieces' (vs. '), liiwawwiit'ii 'vary (change often); change completely' (vs. 'ii 'change') (Les· lau 1995). The number of verbal stems differs for each language. For example, in Syriac there are six stems (with vestiges of others), in Classical Arabic there are fifteen, and in NENA of Arbel there are just two. Moreover, the functions of a particular stem in one language do not always correspond with its functions in another language.
Therefore, proposed cognates between Semitic and Afroasiatic should always be regarded with a high degree of caution. 4), consonantal roots, usually triliteral, form the basis of the Semitic lexicon, since all verbs and nearly all nouns and adjectives are associated with a lexical root. There are, however, a significant number of primary (or isolated) Semitic nouns, which are not associated with a root. ax 'brother', *dam 'blood', *"opat 'lip', and *7amab 'hare' (Fox 2003). Given the history of the regions in which the Semitic lan guages are spoken, it should be no surprise that borrowing of vocabulary has been frequent.
1988. Studies in Middle Arabic and Its Judaeo-Arabi c Vari ety. Jerusalem: Magnes. ' 1999. The Emergence and Linguistic Background of Judaeo ArabIC. 3d edn. Jerusalem: Ben Zvi Institute. Brock, Sebastian P. 2001. The Hidden Pear� The Syrian Orthodox Church and Its Ancient Aramaic Heritage. 3 vols. K. Taylor. Rome: Trans World Films Italia. ' 2006. An Introduction to Syriac Studies. Piscat away, NJ: Gorgias. --' 2007. Greek and Syriac. In A History o f Ancient Greek: From the Beginnings to Late Antiquity, ed.
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