A Brief Introduction to the Semitic Languages (Gorgias by Aaron D. Rubin

By Aaron D. Rubin

With a written historical past of approximately 5 thousand years, the Semitic languages include one of many international s earliest attested and longest attested households. popular family members contain Arabic, Hebrew, Aramaic, Amharic, and Akkadian. This quantity offers an outline of this crucial language kin, together with either historical and smooth languages. After a short advent to the heritage of the kin and its inner type, next chapters hide issues in phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexicon.Each bankruptcy describes positive aspects which are attribute of the Semitic language relatives as a complete, in addition to a number of the extra outstanding advancements that happen within the person languages. this gives either a typological evaluation and an outline of extra specific positive aspects. The chapters comprise ample examples from a variety of languages. the entire examples contain morpheme via morpheme glosses, in addition to translations, which assist in making those examples transparent and available even to these now not conversant in a given language. Concluding the e-book is a close consultant to extra studying, which directs the reader to an important reference instruments and secondary literature, and an up to date bibliography.This short advent incorporates a wealthy number of info, and covers themes no longer regularly present in brief sketches similar to this. The readability of presentation makes it helpful not just to these within the box of Semitic linguistics, but in addition to the final linguist or language fanatic who needs to benefit whatever approximately this significant language family members.

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Leslau 1995). 2), can be used to form adverbs from adjectives, for exam­ ple, damk'iS' 'well', from damik'- 'good'. In Syriac and Christian Palestinian Aramaic, we also find a productive adverbial morpheme. The suffix -alit forms adverbs of quality and manner from adjectives and some nouns. Exam­ ples are Syriac sappird7it 'beautifully' (ef. sappir 'beautiful'), 7aldhalit 'divinely' (ef. 7aldh 'God', 7a/dhay 'divine'), and silryalit 'in Syriac' (ef. silrya 'Syria'). This suffix is known also from Clas­ sical Mandaic and Jewish Babylonian Aramaic, though it is not common in either dialect.

Cohen, David. [1984] 2003. La phrase nominale et l'evolution du systeme verbal en semitique: Etudes de syntaxe historique. Leu­ ven: Peeters. Cohen, David, Fran�ois Bron, and Antoine Lonnet. 1994-.

There are those that are cliticized to their head noun (51) and tbose tbat are treated as independent words (52). The former type usually number only three to four in a given language, with the great majority of prepositions treated as separate units. 3rd F DU hciyni hUk hays hah his Mki hiihi PL hin hikam hikan hiham hisan Some modern Ethiopian languages, on the other hand, use the independent forms of the pronouns with prepositions (as well as with postpositions and circumpositions); cf. Amharic wiidiine 'to me' « wiidii 'to' + ane '1') and kiissu 'from him' « kii 'from' + dSSU 'he'), In modern Ethiopian Semitic languages, there is a greater tendency towards circumpositions and postpositions.

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