A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, by David S. Mason

By David S. Mason

Highlighting the most important occasions, principles, and participants that experience formed sleek Europe, this clean and vigorous e-book presents a succinct heritage of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring subject of revolution, David S. Mason explores the motives and outcomes of revolution: political, monetary, and medical; the improvement of human rights; and problems with ecu identification and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each kingdom and period of time via emphasizing the main an important occasions in shaping modern Europe. Fourteen concentrated chapters handle such topical matters because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the commercial Revolution; the theories and impression of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 global Wars; the chilly struggle and decolonization; and the evolution and growth of the eu Union. Any reader wanting a huge evaluate of the sweep of ecu background given that 1789 will locate this publication, released in a primary variation below the identify Revolutionary Europe, a fascinating and cohesive narrative.

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Enlightenment ideas provided inspiration for political ideologies emerging in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, from liberalism to socialism and communism. The emphasis on reason, experimentation, observation, and empiricism laid the foundation for modern social science and the way we study and understand human society today. But most importantly, the whole tenor of the Enlightenment laid the foundation for human rights, popular sovereignty, tolerance, and respect for law, values that lie at the core of modern European society.

Beneath the king, the rest of French society was organized into three classes, or estates, each with a distinct social responsibility and each hierarchically organized. The First Estate, the clergy, enjoyed their high status by virtue of their spiritual function and proximity to God, although the clergy comprised less than 1 percent of the population. The Second Estate, the nobility or aristocracy, provided military support for the king and constituted between 1 and 2 percent of the population.

Two years later, he made a name for himself by putting down a royalist uprising in Paris. The next year, he was given command of the French army of Italy, where he scored victory after victory against the supposedly superior forces of Austria. He returned to France a hero, and even after the coup of 1799, his popularity remained high. He was elected first consul for life in 1802, and two years later crowned himself Napoleon I, emperor of the French. He was to hold that title for ten years, and during most of that time, he and France dominated Europe.

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A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, by David S. Mason
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