By Vít Bubeník
This monograph goals to shut the space in our wisdom of the character and velocity of grammatical swap throughout the formative interval of todays Indo-Aryan languages. in the course of the 6th-12th c. the slow erosion of the artificial morphology of outdated Indo-Aryan resulted finally within the remodelling of its syntax towards the hot Indo-Aryan analytic type.
This research concentrates at the emergence and improvement of the ergative building when it comes to the passive-to-ergative reanalysis and the co-existence of the ergative development with the outdated and new analytic passive buildings. distinctive realization is paid to the actuation challenge noticeable because the tug of conflict among conservative and eliminative forces in the course of their improvement. different chapters take care of the evolution of grammatical and lexical point, causativization, modality, absolute structures and subordination.
This examine is predicated on a wealth of latest information gleaned from unique poetic works in Apabhraṃśa (by Svayaṃbhādeva, Puṣpadanta, Haribhadra, Somaprabha et al.). It includes sections facing descriptive options of Medieval Indian grammarians (esp. Hemacandra). all of the Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhraṃśa examples are continually parsed and translated.
The opus is forged within the theoretical framework of useful Grammar of the Prague and Amsterdam faculties. it's going to be of specific curiosity to students and scholars of Indo-Aryan and basic old linguistics, specially these attracted to the problems of morphosyntactic switch and typology of their sociohistorical environment.
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Additional info for A Historical Syntax of Late Middle Indo-Aryan (Apabhraṃśa)
C. Goal Object Subject Recipient Subject a. John (AgSubj) gave the book (GoObj) to the friend (Rec) b. The book (GoSubj) was given to the friend (Rec) by John (Ag) c. The friend (RecSubj) was given the book (Go) by John (Ag) Subject and Object terms are typically tied to specific positions in the clause; in English the Subject is typically the leftmost term, whereas in languages with a rich case marking system the Subject may appear in any position in the clause. In Sanskrit sentences (a) and (b) allow for 24 permutations, since the semantic functions are unambiguously specified by case markers.
This, of course, lowers considerably the diagnostic value of our morphological criteria. Other salient features of SvAp are claimed to be 'harmonized' genitival suffixes -aha, -ihi, -uhu (vs. -aho, -ihe, -uho of DigAp); Instr Sg -e/ina (and later on -i) in SvAp (vs. -e/ina, -ē/ĩ in DigAp); the absence of va-sruti and non-elision of v and m before u in SvAp (vs. the occurrence of these two phenomena in DigAp). 1. At this point we have to consider the salient innovative features of Apabhrarnsa vis-a-vis its earlier Prakrit stage (sometimes called Second MIA stage).
Lienhard 1984:196-211). At the end of the period under examination, mention must be made of Jayadeva's Gītagovinda, "The song of Krsna" (12th a ) , one of the last great masterpieces of Sanskrit poetry. Jayadeva was a great innovator and it is maintained that his predilection for rhyme is explainable by a strong influence from rhymed Apabhramsa and popular poetry. From about the 3 rd c. D. rich literature developed in Jain circles. 1-10). A great portion of their creations display epic features and close resemblance to narrative writings, more specifically to Hindu mythological scriptures called purdnas (à propos their relation to other branches of Sanskrit literature, esp.
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