A Pragmatist Orientation for the Social Sciences in Climate by Martin Kowarsch

By Martin Kowarsch

While monetary and different social technological know-how services is vital for profitable public policy-making relating to worldwide weather switch, social scientists face trade-offs among the clinical credibility, policy-relevance, and legitimacy in their coverage suggestion. From a philosophical viewpoint, this e-book systematically addresses those trade-offs and different an important demanding situations dealing with the built-in monetary tests of the Intergovernmental Panel on weather swap (IPCC). according to John Dewey’s pragmatist philosophy and an research of the value-laden nature and reliability of weather switch economics, the publication develops a cultured science-policy version and particular directions for those checks of weather coverage strategies. The middle notion is to scientifically discover a number of the useful implications of different weather coverage pathways in an interdisciplinary demeanour, including diversified stakeholders. this might facilitate an iterative, deliberative public studying method pertaining to disputed coverage matters. This quantity makes novel contributions to 3 strands of the literature: (1) the philosophy of (social) technology in coverage; (2) the philosophy of economics; and (3) debates concerning the layout of clinical tests, together with the continual IPCC reform debate. This paintings is hence fascinating for philosophers and different students reflecting at the science-policy interface, but in addition for evaluate practitioners, weather policy-makers, and economists. The science-policy process constructed during this quantity has already encouraged the new socio-economic IPCC assessment.

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An intelligent public debate into indirect consequences – as public concerns – and their regulation is needed, which requires support from scientific experts as well as transparency in public affairs (Brown 2009, p. 138; Dewey 1927, p. 167). , 4 Dewey’s theory of democracy is a liberal one, but should not be misinterpreted as libertarian. Instead, Dewey’s approach seems to imply a welfare state. 5 With this, Dewey’s book (1927) was a reply to journalist Walter Lippmann who postulated that in modern, big and complex societies, direct participation of the people is no longer possible; this is usually called a “realist theory” of democracy (Brown 2009, pp.

Washington, DC: Resources for the Future. Grundmann, Reiner, and Nico Stehr. 2011. Die Macht der Erkenntnis. Berlin: Suhrkamp. English edition: Stehr, Nico, and Reiner Grundmann. 2011. Experts: The knowledge and power of expertise. London: Routledge. Grunwald, Armin. 2008. Technik und Politikberatung. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp. Habermas, Jürgen. 1968. Technik und Wissenschaft als Ideologie. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp. English edition: Habermas, Jürgen. 1971. Toward a rational society. Boston: Beacon Press. 17 Upcoming large-scale scientific assessment projects include, for instance, the envisaged assessments by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services that explicitly follows the role model of the IPCC; the Sixth Global Environment Outlook by the United Nations Environment Programme; and the next UN Global Sustainable Development Report.

Climate policy is however, like climate change itself, a broad field that is closely connected with other policy fields. These include economic growth and other economic objectives, poverty reduction and development,26 social justice, sustainability and environmental issues, reliable energy supply, health and security, technology and R&D (“Research and Development”), and democratic decision-making. Therefore, issue linkage is required because these interrelated policy fields substantially affect human lives and human rights and can restrict the prima facie claim for climate change mitigation (in terms of trade-offs).

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A Pragmatist Orientation for the Social Sciences in Climate by Martin Kowarsch
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