By Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm
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Extra resources for A Unitary Principle of Optics, Catoptrics, and Dioptrics
An understanding of the general shape of the index surface is helpful for visualizing propagation in biaxial media. Several other surfaces are used in crystal optics. The wave vector surface k(s) which can be obtained by putting sj = kj /k0 n in Eq. 60) is just a scaled version of n(s). Substitution of sj = nvj /c, also into Eq. 60), gives a reciprocal surface v(s) called the phase velocity surface. Finally the ray velocity surface u(S/S) gives the speed of propagation along the Poynting vector (energy ﬂow vector, deﬁned in the next section).
Our software for bulk and layered anisotropic media is compiled as a Birefringent Thin Films Toolbox that can be downloaded electronically from the publisher. Documentation for the BTF Toolbox is provided in Appendix B of the book. The second part of the book treats the deposition, characterization, and modelling of birefringent ﬁlms and focuses on three structures formed by a technique called serial bideposition, tilted-columnar (TC) biaxial, normalcolumnar (NC) biaxial and normal-columnar (NC) chiral.
The management of undesirable properties of birefringent coatings such as scatter and water transport is discussed and a chapter on the anisotropic optical properties of metal ﬁlms is included. In general, in this second part, we make extensive use of examples from our laboratory and illustrations from work that we have published in collaboration with colleagues from around the world. Our acknowledgements to the authors and to the publishers are made in the ﬁgure captions and in the bibliography.
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