Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encyclopedia) by Don Nardo

By Don Nardo

Mesopotamia, the "land among the rivers," used to be the positioning of the world's first actual towns, empires, large-scale engineering tasks, and written literature. The historical past, tradition, and contributions of the pivotal civilizations that inhabited the realm are offered in brilliant aspect during this quantity, together with the increase and fall of Sumeria, Babylonia, Assyria, and Persia. (20030501)

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Additional resources for Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encyclopedia)

Sample text

D. 216–224) The last ruler of the Arsacid dynasty and the Parthian Empire. After the death of his father, King Vologases V, in about 208, Artabanus fought with the new king, his brother Vologases VI, and eventually won. Not long afterward the Roman emperor Caracalla invaded Parthia, but Artabanus assembled an army and forced him to retreat. However, Artabanus was less fortunate when he marched his forces against Ardashir, king of Parthia’s vassal state of Fars, who was leading a major rebellion.

In the Great Sea I washed my weapons, and I made offerings unto the gods. The tribute of the kings of the seacoast, of the people of Tyre, Sidon, Byblos . . silver, gold, lead, copper, vessels of copper, garments made of brightly colored wool . . maplewood, boxwood, and ivory . . I received as tribute from them, and they embraced my feet. On the way back to Assyria, Ashurnasirpal and his soldiers sacked and plundered many towns, firmly establishing the now familiar Assyrian reputation for terror and The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia The first king to preside over the Assyrian realm as it emerged as the leading power of Mesopotamia following the collapse of Mitanni.

Further increased the powers of the central authority over the provinces and subject peoples. This helped pave the way for the conquests of Sargon II (ca. ) and his immediate The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia successors—Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and Ashurbanipal—collectively referred to as the Sargonids. The best documented of all the Assyrian rulers—indeed of all the Mesopotamian rulers—they expanded the realm until it encompassed the entire courses of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, parts of the Zagros Mountains in the east, Armenia (Urartu) in the north, eastern Anatolia in the northwest, and Babylonia in the southeast.

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Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encyclopedia) by Don Nardo
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