By F. S. Naiden
This is often the 1st book-length therapy of supplication, a big social perform in historical Mediterranean civilizations. regardless of the significance of supplication, it has got little realization, and no prior learn has explored such a lot of features of the perform. Naiden investigates the numerous gestures made by way of the supplicants, the kinds of requests they make, the arguments utilized in safety in their requests, and the function of the supplicandus, who evaluates and makes a decision no matter if to meet the requests. diverse and plentiful resources invite comparability among the societies of Greece and Rome and in addition between literary genres. also, Naiden formulates an research of the ritual in its felony and political contexts. In developing this wealthy and thorough research, Naiden thought of over 800 acts of supplication from Greek, Hebrew, and Roman literature, artwork, and clinical resources. 30 illustrations and a map of the suitable destinations accompany the textual content.
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Extra resources for Ancient Supplication
Agamemnon: Il. 130–47. 337–60. 454–56. Odysseus: Od. 310–56, a quasimilitary situation. 27. Brigands: X. Eph. 4–5. Pirates: Hld. 1–2, X. Eph. 1. 28. Plut. Caes. 4, Liv. 3–8. Similar to Livy: Tac. Ann. 1–2. The First Three Steps in Supplication 35 hold. This figure can play any of several roles: receiver of strangers, master (and father) of slaves, husband and father of a family. All these persons may supplicate him. Here again, we begin with Phemius, who, when he says that he benefits any house to which he comes, acknowledges that he is a stranger and that Odysseus is his host.
33. Il. 451–53, E. El. 1206–15, Ph. 1567–69, Aeschin. 1, Is. C. 5.
Chapters 2 and 3 describe the four steps, but in describing each step they divide the evidence according to genre and the like. Chapters 4 and 5 deal with the changing relation between supplication and the law. Chapter 2 deals with the first three steps. The treatment of the first step, which is comparatively simple, is brief, but it shows the importance of the supplicandus and the need for the suppliant to choose among the options that supplication permits. Both points militate against the prevailing view, which slights the supplicandus and minimizes choice.
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