Archaeology of food : an encyclopedia by Beaudry, Mary Carolyn; Metheny, Karen Bescherer

By Beaudry, Mary Carolyn; Metheny, Karen Bescherer

What are the origins of agriculture? In what methods have technological advances relating to nutrition affected human improvement? How have meals and foodways been used to create id, speak which means, and manage society? during this hugely readable, illustrated quantity, archaeologists and different students from around the globe discover those questions and more.

The Archaeology of nutrition offers greater than 250 entries spanning geographic and temporal contexts and contours contemporary discoveries along the result of a long time of analysis. The members offer overviews of present wisdom and theoretical views, elevate key questions, and delve into myriad medical, archaeological, and fabric analyses so as to add intensity to our knowing of nutrition. The encyclopedia serves as a reference for students and scholars in archaeology, nutrition reviews, and comparable disciplines, in addition to interesting interpreting for culinary historians, foodstuff writers, and nutrients and archaeology enthusiasts.

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In the words of Lewis Henry Morgan, mobile “savagery,” a term he roughly equated with hunting and gathering societies that used wild resources (now referred to as Paleolithic and Mesolithic in the Old World and by comparable terms in the New World), evolved to “barbarism,” represented by large settled communities dependent on agriculture in what is now referred to as the Neolithic period. This stage or level in turn led to civilization, defined by large settlements of dense populations; cities; perhaps codified record keeping, written language, and law; long-distance trade; marked specialization of labor; social classes; monumental architecture; fixed geographic boundaries rather than flexible ethnic boundaries; multicultural populations; and centralized government by force.

Parcack, Sarah H. 2009. Satellite Remote Sensing for Archaeology. London: Routledge. , and Victor D. Thompson. 2012. Integrating LiDAR Data and Conventional Mapping of the Fort Center Site in South-Central Florida: A Comparative Approach. Journal of Field Archaeology 37(4):289–301. Ur, Jason A. 2003. CORONA Satellite Photography and Ancient Road Networks: A Northern Mesopotamian Case Study. Antiquity 77(295):102–15. ■Christopher T. Morehart Agricultural/Horticultural Sites Ancient societies employed a wide variety of productive technologies and agricultural techniques to produce food for consumption and trade.

Morehart, Christopher T. 2012. Mapping Ancient Chinampa Landscapes in the Basin of Mexico: A Remote Sensing and GIS Approach. Journal of Archaeological Science 39(7):2541–51. Nichols, Deborah L. 1988. Infrared Aerial Photography and Prehispanic Irrigation at Teotihuacan: The Tlajinga Canals. Journal of Field Archaeology 15(1):17–27. Parcack, Sarah H. 2009. Satellite Remote Sensing for Archaeology. London: Routledge. , and Victor D. Thompson. 2012. Integrating LiDAR Data and Conventional Mapping of the Fort Center Site in South-Central Florida: A Comparative Approach.

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