Aristotle: On Interpretation (Medieval Philosophical Texts by Jean T. Oesterle

By Jean T. Oesterle

Binding and pages intact. a few penciled writing and underlining on approximately five pages.

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When we know an animal, whether it be a man, a horse, or an elephant, we know by means of some similitude of the known in our mind. Such is the case of first intentions. But in conceiving a second intention there is no similitude between what we conceivethe relation of reasonand that apropos of which the mental relation was formed. We can draw something like a horse, but we can sketch nothing like a predicable species. In other words, there is no resemblance between what we conceive as a man, for instance, and the relation of reason we form about man as predicable of many individuals.

If `the principle of causality' so understood were true, a considerable part of the Peri Hermeneias, including the treatise on modal propositions, would be irrelevant. But if some measure of indeterminism (not necessarily of the kind called fortune or chance) is to be considered in physics, as in thermodynamics and quantum theory, it will require an importation foreign to this principle of causality, such as Aristotle's potentia, which is Heisenberg's expressly stated view, one not unlike that of Max Born.

Pp. 86, 111-12. Page 5 little attempt has been made in modern times to consider these elementary and basic matters carefully. "7 This passage, as well as his whole influential essay, raises an important question: Just what is the difference between a word and a symbol? It is with respect to an answer to such a question that the Peri Hermeneias remains an important work and one that has special interest for the modern reader. By means of it we can see that in the phrase, "the time t," for instance, the word "time'' and the symbol t do not stand for the same thing nor in the same way.

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Aristotle: On Interpretation (Medieval Philosophical Texts by Jean T. Oesterle
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