Aristotle's Practical Side: On His Psychology, Ethics, by William W. Fortenbaugh

By William W. Fortenbaugh

This quantity specializes in Aristotle’s useful philosophy. His research of emotional reaction takes delight of position. it truly is by way of dialogue of his ethical psychology: the department of the human soul into emotional and deliberative parts.

Moral advantage is studied on the subject of emotion, and animals are proven to lack either emotion and advantage. other forms of friendship are analyzed, and the consequences of vehemence, i.e., temperament are given distinct recognition. Aristotle’s justification for assigning typical slaves and girls subordinate roles gets specific attention. an identical is correct of his research of right and flawed constitutions. ultimately, persuasion is taken up from a number of angles together with Aristotle’s emphasis at the presentation of personality and his curious dismissal of supply in speech.

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35 See R. Hackforth, Plato’s Examination of Pleasure (Cambridge: University Press, 1958) 69, 77. Protarchus’ “view is that the ‘mistakenness’ is something lying outside the pleasure, a wrong opinion held concurrently with the feeling” (69). Perhaps it should be noted that Protarchus does not claim the view as his own. When Socrates congratulates him on his defense of pleasure, Protarchus modestly replies that he is merely saying what he hears (38A5). ” It is convenient to refer to this argument as Protarchus’ view or, as I shall soon do, Protarchus’ (mis)understanding, but we should remember that Protarchus does not claim the view as his own.

We give a hungry man food to calm his stomach and to alleviate painful sensations. We do not offer him reasoned arguments to alter his judgment. With appropriate qualifications something similar could be said about meeting the need of a man afflicted with sexual desire. My purpose, then, is not to criticize the account of hunger and sexual desire that is presented in the Timaeus. Rather I want to emphasize that this [67/68] aristotle’s rhetoric on emotions 35 account is an account of bodily drives and not of emotions.

27 There is no reason to think that Aristotle ever shelved the treatment of emotions given in the Rhetoric. The evidence of the De Anima suggests the continuing importance of this detailed (if incomplete) treatment. C. C. (Düring, Aristoteles [above, n. 4] 120). 28 See, for example, the Rhetoric’s treatment of goodness. First Aristotle offers a definition of goodness that begins with στω (1362a21) and enumerates several marks of goodness. After pausing to clarify two terms Aristotle resumes with the phrase “these things having been laid down” (1362a34) and proceeds to draw necessary ( ν γκη 1362a34, b3, 7, 10) inferences.

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Aristotle's Practical Side: On His Psychology, Ethics, by William W. Fortenbaugh
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