By Michael V. Wedin
Michael Wedin argues opposed to the existing inspiration that Aristotle's perspectives at the nature of truth are essentially inconsistent. in line with Wedin's new interpretation, the adaptation among the early conception of the Categories and the later concept of the Metaphysics displays the truth that Aristotle is engaged in fairly diverse initiatives within the works--the prior concentrating on ontology, and the afterward explanation.
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Additional resources for Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta (Oxford Aristotle Studies)
Paronymy groups fare no better. Were we to apply TR to individuals of the 〈 Just〉paronymy group, actions, persons, arrangements, and states would end up counting as essentially the same. But this is obviously false. There simply is no deﬁnition for all the things that are collected paronymously, under ‘just’ or any other paronymous term. , in ‘Y is predicated of X as of a subject’) is of the synonymous variety only. As written, it appears to take this as a two-place relation. But we want synonymous predication to bear a natural relation to synonymy itself, and the latter was deﬁned for synonymous things.
And, indeed, the assumption gains some credibility from Aristotle's own example: man is predicated of ( ) the individual man, and animal of man ( ) and, hence, animal will be predicated (κατηγορηθήσεται) of the individual man. Note, however, that although the example says explicitly that man and animal are predicated of the individual man, the relation between animal and man is left implicit. Understood with the ﬂanking examples,‘animal of man’ comes out ‘animal is predicated of man’ and, hence, the passage as a whole recognizes no distinction between ‘predicated of ’ and ‘said-of ’.
Of course, this ceases to be a difﬁculty when we move up a level to justice, the property introduced by ‘just’. But now the individuals collected will be property instances of justice and these are no more heterogeneous than property instances of white. 45 Of course, Aristotle does talk about synonymous predication in 3a33–b9, where he says that what is called from a substance is said synonymously of everything it is said-of. But the idea that x is synonymously predicated of y can be read as saying: x is from a substance & x is said-of y & x is said-of z → y and z are synonyms.
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